What is a dictatorship?
A dictatorship is a state structure that is authoritarian in nature.
In general, a dictatorship means there is only one leader. Usually, a dictatorship also implies the absence of a ruling party or a weak party.
You, the dictator, have the power to legislate, suspend elections, declare a state of emergency and repress political opponents without trial.
The form of government headed by a dictator is known as a dictatorship, and there are no effective constitutional means of limiting their power.
However, a group can formulate a dictatorship. To be successful, a similar approach must be followed.
In addition, there can be little or no disagreement between peoples, there must be limited political pluralism, and peoples must, for obvious reasons, trust those in charge of government.
Of course, those in power do not recognize themselves as dictators.
For example,Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolinihe was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy from the Fascist seizure of power in 1922 to 1943 and Duce from 1919 until his execution in 1945 during the Italian Civil War. "Il Duce" literally means "The Leader".
Josef Stalinhe liked to be called "Vozhd", which literally means "leader" or "leader".
Adolf Hitlerhe was referred to as the "leader". Again, it means “leader” or “leader.”
Another notorious dictator?
Kim Jong Un(North Korea)
Here is a very short video (less than seven minutes) about the 10 most cruel dictators.
And if you want to know more about the ten dictators still in power, watch this video (less than ten minutes).
What about the pros and cons of dictatorships?
Let's look at them now.
advantages of dictatorships
1 When a dictatorship emerges, the crime rate goes down
Because typically in a dictatorship there are severe penalties for criminal acts.
These harsh penalties, in turn, serve as an excellent deterrent.
2 Federal funds can be directed immediately
When a dictatorship emerges, all power rests in the hands of a single individual or group.
In such a situation, it is much easier and quicker for a "government" to respond to a scenario where resources need to be directed quickly.
There is a possibility, for obvious reasons, that the opposite will occur.
In a dictatorship, resources can and will be diverted from a group of people.
3 Corruption is easily eliminated from government
When a specific person is in charge of a dictatorial government, corruption is easily and quickly eliminated from the government as a whole.
Since in this case the leader (or leaders, as the case may be) has complete control over the nation, corruption is no longer necessary.
4 Innovation can be promoted
The sophistication of German military power under Hitler during World War II is extremely evident.
It was then that Germany created the first mass-produced assault rifle the world had ever seen (Sturmwaffe 44).
The first jet aircraft to go into combat also came from the Nazis: the Heinkel He 178.
5 Government Stability
When there is a single person or a small group of people who make all the governmental decisions in a country, society “can” become more stable as a result.
While many dictators have done more harm than good in their own countries, good things can also happen because they have plenty of time to implement their policies.
6 strong personalities
Dictators with very strong personalities, and all dictators have strong personalities, can be very beneficial to their own countries in the long run. Although they could turn out to be such in the short or medium termextremelydisadvantageous.
Take Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, for example.
Here are some thoughts on Mao ZedongWikipedia.
Mao is a controversial figure and is considered one of the most important and influential figures in the history of the modern world.
He is also known as a political intellectual, theorist, military strategist, poet and visionary.
His supporters credit him with ousting imperialism from China, modernizing the nation into a world power, promoting the status of women, improving education and health, and increasing life expectancy as China's population grows. your leadership.
On the contrary, his regime has been labeled autocratic and totalitarian and has been condemned for massive repression and destruction of religious and cultural artifacts and sites.
In addition, it was responsible for a large number of deaths, with estimates ranging from 30 to 70 million victims, from starvation, prison labor, and mass executions.
7 In dictatorships there is no accident
Normally, when a party comes to power in a democracy, the president (or prime minister) decides who else will be in his cabinet, who else will be responsible for running the country.
Also, a dictatorship works in a similar way to a monarchy. In a long-term dictatorship, the leader usually cares about who he chooses to be his successor.
An example of this is North Korea, where the "Mount Paektu Lineage" has been in power for three generations. The current dynasty, the Kim dynasty, has ruled North Korea since Kim Il-sung became the head in 1948.
What are the disadvantages of dictatorships?
1 A dictator's top priority is to do what is right for him, not for his country
While there are many ways to do good as a dictator or as a dictatorial party, more often than not dictators do the opposite.
2 Absence or no objection
Under a dictatorship it is very rare that there is an opposition party.
For example, Benito Mussolini, leader of the PNF, Italy's National Fascist Party, has ruled the country without opposition since 1922 (after the PNF March on Rome) when he became Prime Minister.
He continued to rule Italy until (believed) he (and his lover Claretta Petacci) were shot dead by partisans in June 1945.
In many countries where there is a dictatorship, any form of opposition is illegal.
Sometimes when resistance is spotted, the action is swift and can be furious.
When the July 1944 bombing of Germany failed to kill Hitler, about 200 Germans were exterminated, many of whom were high-ranking Nazi officials (including Erwin Rommel).
3 dictators often attack innocent people
In order for a dictator to remain in office, they often authorize murders (sometimes mass murders) of innocent people.
It is precisely for this reason that almost an entire population can flee a country within a few months. Finally, they realize that if they stay where they are, they could be wiped out a million times over.
4 Dictatorships usually severely restrict personal rights
Dictatorships generally mean that the people of a country do not enjoy:
… Free expression
… freedom of choice of religion
… freedom to access information of your choice (accessible information tends to be propaganda)
Oppress the general population.
This, in turn, helps a dictator stay in power for as long as he chooses.
5 There is no control over a country's political leadership
One example is that China's National People's Congress (the Communist Party) ended its leader's term limits in 2018.
That means the current leader, Xi Jinping, 66, could remain in power for the rest of his life.
Elections are sometimes held in countries where dictatorships exist.
But as in 2014 in Syria, where dictator Bashar al-Assad remained in power, the results are being manipulated. In this case, al-Assad ran for his third term and "won" 88.7% of the vote.
6 Reduced productivity
In fact, dictatorships often create opportunities to increase productivity. This increase is usually through fear and retaliation tactics.
Most of the time, however, people just want to live from one day to the next. Which essentially means that there is a high level of indifference among the population.
A good example of this is North Korea today.
The vast majority of the population struggles to eat enough and pay for heating every month. There is no guarantee that you will have enough money to pay for the basic equipment.
It is much more about the demands of everyday life than being particularly productive at work or elsewhere.
7 rule by fear
Most dictatorships "dictate" that one thinks and cares much more about maintaining political power than ensuring that the general populace has enough food.
During the 20th century, about three dictators (Stalin, Mao Zedong, Hitler) directly or indirectly caused the deaths of more than 100 million people.
The spirit behind so many deaths was a message to society: step out of line and pay dearly.
8 A whole nation cuts itself off from the world
Dictatorships are not an acceptable form of politics anywhere in the world, for obvious reasons.
While a dictatorship in political power does not necessarily mean that a country is completely isolated from the global agenda, it can be problematic, at least from an economic perspective.
An example of this is the 2019 economic crisis in Iran, which is suffering as a resultThe worst economic crisis in over 40 years.
9 Dictatorships often take the form of military juntas
Why should it be problematic for a nation?
Because when an army takes power through a junta (seizure of power) or otherwise, the leader usually stays in power until they choose to retire, until they leave, or until they die. .
Then the next in line in the chain of command takes over.
What this scenario shows is that, in most cases, military dictatorships routinely enforce the laws of a nation with extremely brutal policies.
That means you join, submit, or pay any price, and often the price would be jail or death.
10 The laws of the nation can be changed almost instantaneously
While rapid changes in a country's laws and policies can bring a variety of benefits, in a dictatorship these changes often occur to harm a particular group of people.
It is entirely possible for a dictatorship to enact new laws, retrospective laws (laws that come into effect from a date in the past).
That way, they can more easily punish political opponents, ethnic minorities, or other demographic groups.
Because of this form of structure, the will of a single yet extremely powerful individual can be imposed on millions.
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