1.1 STUDY BACKGROUND
In fact, leadership is a dynamic two-way process of personal influence through which a manager or leader shapes the attitudes and activities of others towards the attainment or attainment of organizational objectives (Abogunrin, 1986). Even before the emergence of modern concepts of leadership, the apostle Paul, in the Pastorals, lists the qualifications of church leaders to ensure sustained growth and survival (Dairo, 2007). These remained the model for centuries. For every church leader to successfully steer the ship of the church, these qualities must be ingrained. But contemporary experience in Nigeria has shown a marked departure from that Pauline list of qualifications for church leaders that really impacted church growth and survival. In most cases, the understanding expected from both leaders and followers is lacking. This often results in crises in the "Body of Christ".
There are some commonalities in the different definitions of leadership. It would be presumptuous for anyone to attempt a definition that satisfies the public, particularly as it relates to church leadership. Leadership is nothing if it is not linked to collective goals; and the effectiveness of leaders should not be judged by newspaper clippings, but by real social change measured in intent and in meeting human needs and expectations that will manifest in the long-term growth and development of the church. church leaders
Oluwasegun (2005) defines leadership as the ability to reach consensus and commitment to common goals that go beyond organizational requirements and are achieved through experience or contribution and satisfaction of the work group. Leadership can also be defined as the relationship in which an individual or the leader influences others to voluntarily collaborate on similar tasks to achieve what the leader desires. is a guide Leadership is management's ability to get subordinates to work toward group goals with confidence and enthusiasm. It implies that the leader takes responsibility for achieving the group's goals, so it is imperative that the trust and cooperation of both parties is visible at all times (Oluwasegun, 2005). Leadership is an art of getting things done. You can learn, improve, develop and refine. It is the key process of influencing and the process always includes a number of key components such as how the leader and followers interact in influencing situations and opportunities that emanate from the leader and followers based on their value system and goals, leaders and followers are trying to achieve something (Dairo, 2004).
In relation to church leadership, this means that the church leader, together with his group, directs, motivates, censures and develops a definite purpose and meets individual or group needs within the church. This is seen as the only way for the church to grow and survive. In the New Testament it was used most often as a Christological title for the exalted Jesus. The results of the semasiological and lexicographical study of secular Greek indicate an extremely polyvalent range of meanings for the word "community leader", starting with the one who is in first place, the one who is at the top, the one who leads.
According to the New Testament, the terms bishop, minister, and elder are synonymous. Bishop means "overseer", and elders had the responsibility of overseeing the work of the church (Acts 20:17,28; 1 Peter 5:1-3). "Elder" is the translation of the Greek word presbytes, which means "an old man". Paul used the word presbytery in (1 Timothy 4:14) and was not referring to a denomination, but to the "body of elders" of the congregation that Timothy ordained. Elders and bishops (two names for the same office (cf. Titus 1:5–7)) were mature people with the spiritual wisdom and experience to ensure the survival of God's Church. Furthermore, "shepherd" means "shepherd dog", someone who leads and cares for the flock of God (Vine, 1996:67).
1.2 EXPLANATION OF THE PROBLEM
According to Dairo (2008), many churches in Nigeria are characterized by false doctrines, preconceived notions and man-made regulations that often subvert the leadings of the Holy Spirit and fight fiercely against church growth and survival. According to the apostle Paul, a church leader must be a caring man who can inspire followers. Not all church leaders can possess these qualities to the same degree, but a leader must possess these quality attributes to a degree that is tangible in his or her life to ensure sustained growth. If a man is known to be harsh rather than gentle, excessive rather than mild, disgraceful rather than respectable, he has disqualified himself (Bible Org. 2004). The work of church leadership is a noble task. Such an office needs the right people to serve. Accumulation of material wealth capitalizing on people's "gross ignorance" of biblical teachings on wealth by church leaders and limited growth and survival of many churches due to increased awareness of these dubious strategies. However, the researcher examines the role of church leaders in the growth and survival of a church.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this study are as follows:
1. Examine the role of church leaders in the growth and survival of a church.
2. Identify the roles and responsibilities of church leaders in a church.
3. Identify the other factors that work against church growth and survival.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What is the role of church leaders in the growth and survival of a church?
2. What are the roles and duties of church leaders in a church?
3. What are other factors that keep the church from growing and surviving?
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
HO: Church leaders play no role in church growth and survival
HA: Church leaders play a role in church growth and survival
1.6 IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY
The following are the meanings of this study:
The results of this study will educate church authorities and the general public in Nigeria on what church leaders need to do or integrate into the system to ensure growth and survival.
This research will also serve as a resource base for other scholars and researchers who are interested in doing more research in this area at a later date and, when applied, will in some ways provide new explanations for the topic.
1.7 STUDY SCOPE/LIMITATIONS
This study will cover the activities of churches in Nigeria with a particular focus on the roles and duties of church leaders.
Financial constraints - Insufficient financial resources tend to impair the researcher's efficiency in obtaining relevant materials, literature or information and in data collection (Internet, questionnaires and interviews).
Time constraint: The researcher will participate in this study and other academic work at the same time. Accordingly, this will reduce the time spent on research work. church leaders
Abogunrin, SO (1986). "Street. Paul's Concept of Disciplined Leadership in the Nigerian Context" in S Ade
Oluwasegun BA (2011) (ed.) Religion and Discipline A publication of the Nigerian Association for the Study of Religions (NASR). church leaders
Biblical organization: „Qualifications for the evaluation of elders and deacons“ (see fügbar unter http://www.bible.org/page.asp.downloaded24/09/2004 Kirchenführer
Dairo, A.O. (2004). “Church Leadership in Nigeria: Combining Spiritual and Organizational Techniques” in Ade P. Dopamu (ed.) Religion, Leadership, and Society: Focus on Nigeria. Lagos: Nigerian Association for the Study of Religions. church leaders
Dairo, A.O. (2007). "Leadership Skills for Contemporary Church Administrators". A Lecture: Presented by the Christian Theological Seminary, Ibadan, on Thursday, June 19. church leaders church leaders
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