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External and internal organizational environments and corporate culture
1.Panetta, Kasey, "Gartner Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2018",gartner, 3. Oct. 2017. https://www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/gartner-top-10-strategic-technology-trends-for-2018/
2.Mearian, Lucas, "What is Blockchain? "The Most Disruptive Technology in Decades",computer verden, 31. maj 2018. https://www.computerworld.com/article/3191077/security/what-is-blockchain-the-most-disruptive-tech-in-decades.html; https://www.forbes.com/sites/theyec/2018/01/10/23-trends-that-will-shake-the-business-world-in-2018/#6b6c3524583f
3.Young Entrepreneurship Council, "23 Trends That Shook the Business World in 2018"Forbes, 10 Jan. 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/theyec/2018/01/10/23-trends-that-will-shake-the-business-world-in-2018/#6b6c3524583f
4.This is a broad definition that has been used in various forms. The resource here is "What is an external environment in business?" Chapter 5,Examination. com, Accessed October 15, 2018. https://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-an-external-environment-in-business-definition-types-factors.html
5.Jamrisko, Michelle, "China's economy to overtake Eurozone this year",Bloomberg, 6. marts 2018. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-06/china-s-economy-is-set-to-overtake-combined-euro-area-this-year
6.China owns US debt, but how much? |Investopedia, 6. april 2018. https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/080615/china-owns-us-debt-how-much.asp#ixzz5DcHG4d7k
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9.Graf, Nikki, Workplace Sexual Harassment in the Age of #MeToo”,Pew Research Center, 4. april 2018. http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2018/04/04/sexual-harassment-at-work-in-the-era-of-metoo/
10.The Global Risks Report 2018, 13th edition. (2018).World Economic Forum, http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GRR18_Report.pdf, p. 6. See also http://reports.weforum.org/global-risks-2018/global-risks-landscape-2018/
11.Fry, Richard: "It is increasingly common for young adults to live at home for long periods of time."Pew Research Center, 5 May 2017. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/05/05/its-becoming-more-common-for-young-adults-to-live-at-home-and- for -longer-distances/
12.DeSilver, Drew, "Women Are Scarce at the Top of the U.S. Economy - and in the Job That Gets There",Pew Research Center, 30 April 2018. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/04/30/women-scarce-at-top-of-u-s-business-and-in-the-jobs-that- lead over/
13.Hunt, Vivian et al., "Delivery Through Diversity",McKinsey, January 2018. https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Business%20Functions/Organization/Our%20Insights/Delivering%20through%20diversity/Delivering-through-diversity_full-report.ashx
14.The Global Economic Report, 13th Edition,World Economic Forum, 2018. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GRR18_Report.pdf
15.Rice, Doyle: "Thousands of low-lying islands could become 'uninhabitable' within decades as sea levels rise",USA today, 25. april 2018. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2018/04/25/thousands-low-lying-islands-may-become-uninhabitable-within-decades-seas-rise/ 550659002 /
16.Felice De Toni, A. and G. De Zan. (2016), The Complexity Dilemma, Three Tips for Managing Complexity in Organizations,Practices31. december, https://journal.emergentpublications.com/article/the-complexity-dilemma/
17.Eisenhardt, K.M. & Sull, D.N. (2001). "Strategy as simple rules",Harvard Business Review79(1): 106-119
19.Bersin, Josh et al., "Globale Human Capitaltrends 2017",Deloitte InsightsFebruary 28, 2017. https://www2.deloitte.com/insights/us/en/focus/human-capital-trends/2017/organization-of-the-future.html
21.Burns, T. & Stalker, GM (1961), The Management of Innovation, Tavistock, London; Mintzberg, H. 1979. Struktureringen af organisationer. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey:Prentice-Hall; Emery, Fred E. og Eric L. Trist, (1965), "The Causal Texture of Organizational Environments", blz. 21-32 tommerhuman relationsFebruary 1965
22.Anand, N. and R. Daft. (2007). What is the right organizational design?Organizational dynamics, born 36, No. 4, p. 329-344.
24.This section is based on a number of scientific and practical sources, including the following: R. Daft. (2016). Organization Theory and Design, 12th Edition.Engage learningBoston, MA; https://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/team-structure-chart; Burton and Obel. (2018).Organization design journalVolume 7, Number 5, Devaney, Erik, "7 Types of Organizational Structures and Who They Are for [Charts]",Hubspot, accessed November 18, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41469-018-0029-2; "Matrix Teams",Global integration, offentliggjort 18. november 2018. http://www.global-integration.com/glossary/matrix-teams/; og Bersin, Josh, "The Organization of the Future: Arriving Now", Global Human Capital Trends 2017,Deloitte InsightsFebruary 28, 2017. https://www2.deloitte.com/insights/us/en/focus/human-capital-trends/2017/organization-of-the-future.html
25.Brent Durbin. matrix organisation,Encyclopedie Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/topic/matrix-organization
26."Matrixteams",Global integration, accessed November 18, 2018. http://www.global-integration.com/glossary/matrix-teams/
28.G. Satellite. (June 8, 2015). What makes an organization "connected"Harvard Business Review, https://hbr.org/2015/06/what-makes-an-organization-networked
29.Satellite, Greg, "The History of Networking",digital dummy, 26 September 2010. https://www.digitaltonto.com/2010/the-story-of-networks/; and "Network Organizations",Global integration, accessed November 18, 2018. http://www.global-integration.com/glossary/matrix-teams/ http://www.global-integration.com/glossary/networked-organization/
30.J Bersin, T McDowell, A Rahnema and Yves Van Durme. (28 February 2017), "The Organization of the Future: It's Here, 2017" Global Human Capital Trends,Deloitte. https://www2.deloitte.com/insights/us/en/focus/human-capital-trends/2017/organization-of-the-future.html
31.Lister, Jonathan, "The Disadvantages of a Network-Based Organizational Structure",Chronicle, accessed November 18, 2018. http://smallbusiness.chron.com/disadvantages-networkbased-organization-structure-35988.html
32.Resources in this section include: C. Handy. (May-June 1995). trust and the virtual organization,Harvard Business Review, https://hbr.org/1995/05/trust-and-the-virtual-organization; M. Ahuja and K. Carley. (1999), Network Structure in Virtual Organizations,organizational science, volume 10, issue 6, June, p. 741-757; http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/organization/what-is-virtual-organisation-definition-characteristics-and-types/35533
33.D.Onley. (29. april 2015),Environment, https://www.shrm.org/ResourcesAndTools/hr-topics/technology/Pages/How-Telecommuting-Helps-the-Environment.aspx
34.In McCarthy, T Lawrence, B Wixted and B Gordon. (2010). A multidimensional conceptualization of environmental velocity,Review of the Management Academy34, No. 4, pp. 604-626
35.Katz, D. & Kahn, R.L. (1966). Organizational social psychology,John Wiley, New York, NY.
36.Bertalanffy, L. (1968). general systems theory,George Braziller, publisher, New York.
37.I Anlehnung an Arie Y. Lewin og Carroll U. Stephens, "CEO Attributes as Determinants of Organization Design: An Integrated Model",organizational studies15, no. 2 (1994): 183-212
38.J Trevor and B Varcoe. (2017). How adapted is your organization? Harvard Business Review, February, https://hbr.org/2017/02/how-aligned-is-your-organization
39.Dalavagas, Iason, "McDonald's Corp: A Brief SWOT Analysis",value line, 11. maj 2015. http://www.valueline.com/Stocks/Highlights/McDonalds_Corp___A_Short_SWOT_Analysis.aspx#.WyqOj1VKiig
40."Amazon accounts for 43% of US online retail sales"Business insider, February 3, 2017. http://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-accounts-for-43-of-us-online-retail-sales-2017-2
41.Dudovskiy, John, "Amazon Organizational Structure",research method1. august 2018 https://research-methodology.net/amazon-organizational-structure-2/
42.Meyer, Pauline, "Characteristics of the Organizational Structure of Amazon.com Inc. (An Analysis)",Panmore-Institut, 8. september 2018 http://panmore.com/amazon-com-inc-organizational-structure-characteristics-analysis
44.Cohan, Peter, "3 Reasons Why Amazon Is the Best Company in the World",ForbesFebruary 2, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2018/02/02/3-reasons-amazon-is-the-worlds-best-business/#563e86e63565
45.Hyken, Shep, "Drucker sagte, Culture Eats Strategy for Breakfast",Forbes5. December 2015. https://www.forbes.com/sites/shephyken/2015/12/05/drucker-said-culture-eats-strategy-for-breakfast-and-enterprise-rent-a-car- proves it/#7a7572822749
46.Ed Schein. (2010). Organizational Culture and Management, 4th Edition, San Francisco, CA:Jossey Bass; JW Weiss. (2014). An Introduction to Leadership, 2. Auflage, Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
47.This discussion of CVF is based on these sources: K Cameron, R Quinn, J Degraff and A Thakor (2014). Competing Values Leadership, 2nd Edition,New horizons in managementNorthampton, MA; K. Cameron and R. Quinn (2006). Diagnosing and Changing Organizational Culture: Based on the Competitive Values Framework, San Francisco, CA:Jossey Bass; at https://www.ocai-online.com/blog/2016/09/Organizational-culture-Create-Collaborate-Control-Compete
48.T. Yu and N. Wu. (2009). "An Overview of the Competing Value Framework Study",International business management magasin, Volume 4, No. 7, July, pages 47-42.
49.Nocera, Joe, "Jeff Bezos on the Amazon Walk"Die New York Times, 21. august 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/22/opinion/joe-nocera-jeff-bezos-and-the-amazon-way.html
50.Farber, Madeline, "Amazon employee attempts suicide after emailing co-workers",wealth, 29. november 2016. http://fortune.com/2016/11/29/amazon-employee-suicide-attempt/
51.The Global Economic Report, 13th Edition,World Economic Forum, 2018. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GRR18_Report.pdf, pp. 8 and pp. 54-57.
52.Agarwal, Dimple, "Introduction: The Rise of Social Enterprises",Deloitte Insights, 28. marts 2018.? https://www2.deloitte.com/insights/us/en/focus/human-capital-trends/2018/introduction.html
Ethics, corporate responsibility and sustainability
1.Hartman, L., J. DesJardins, and MacDonald, C. (2018). Business Ethics: Decision Making for Personal Integrity and Social Responsibility, 4th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, New York; and Weiss, J.W. (2014). Business Ethics, A Stakeholder Approach and Problem Management, 6th ed. Oakland, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
2.Eleazar Melendez. (2013). The cost of the financial crisis is more than 22 trillion dollars. https://www.huffingtonpost.co/2013/02/14/financial-crisis-cost-gao_n_2687553.html
3.James Flanigan. (2002). Enron Proves Costly for Economy, http://articles.latimes.com/2002/jan/20/news/mn-23790
4.David Auerbach. (2015). The Programs That Become Programmers, http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/bitwise/2015/09/pedro_domingos_master_algorithm_how_machine_learning_is_reshaping_how_we.html
5.Julia Angwin, Jeff Larson, Surya Mattu and Lauren Kirchner. (2016). machine bias. ProPublica analysis of data from Broward County, Florida, https://www.propublica.org/article/machine-bias-risk-assessments-in-criminal-sentencing
6.Hern, A. “Growth in artificial intelligence could increase cybercrime and security threats, report warns,” The Guardian, 21 February 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/feb/21/ai-security-threats - Cyber crime Political disorder Report on physical attacks
7.Nevejans, N. (2016). European Civil Law Rules in the Field of Robotics, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2016/571379/IPOL_STU(2016)571379_EN.pdf
8.Ripple, W., World Scientists' Warning to Humanity: A Second Warning", XXXX / Del XX nr. X •life sciences, 2017, http://scientists.forestry.oregonstate.edu/sites/sw/files/Ripple_et_al_warning_2017.pdf.
9.Samuel Chiu. (2017). Climate experts release latest science data on sea level rise projections, https://phys.org/news/2017-04-climate-experts-latest-science-sea.html
10.Friedman, Z (2018). Trump Administration Requests $0 Funding for Consumer Protection, https://www.forbes.com/sites/zackfriedman/2018/01/19/cfpb-funding-trump/#61dd837c1826
11.AACSB,A collective vision of vocational training, AACSB International, 2016, https://www.aacsb.edu/-/media/aacsb/publications/research-reports/collective-vision/collective-vision-for-business-education.ashx
12.ECI connects. (2016). https://connects.ethics.org/search?executeSearch=true&SearchTerm=22+percent&l=1
13.Rokeach, M.,The nature of human values, Fri press, 1973, blz. 56
15.Comrie, H. (2017). Wells Fargo-Fake-Accounts-Skandal, https://sevenpillarsinstitute.org/wells-fargo-fake-accounts-scandal/
16.Carouchi, R. (2016). Why Ethical People Make Unethical Choices, https://hbr.org/2016/12/why-ethical-people-make-unethical-choices
17.This part is based on J.W. Weiss, (2014), Business Ethics, A Stakeholder and Issues Management Approach, 6th ed., Barrett-Koehler Publishers, Oakland, CA.
18.Covey, SR (2004).The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People: Reinventing the Ethics of Character. New York: fri presse.
19.Sarros, J., Cooper, BK og Santora, J.C., "Building a Climate for Innovation through Transformational Leadership and Organizational Culture," Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 30. juni 2008.
20.Velasquez M, André C, Shanks T & Meyer M (2014). Kan der undervises i etik? http://www.scu.edu/ethics-center/aboutcenter
21.Sisodia R, Wolfe D and Sheth J (2007). Popular Companies: How Passion and Purpose Drive World-Class Businesses, 137. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Wharton School Publishing.
22.Collins, J. (2001). Good to Great, 21. New York: HarperCollins; and parts of this section are based on J.W. Weiss (2015), Introduction to Leadership, 2nd ed.,Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
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Strategic Analysis: Understanding a company's competitive environment
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The strategic management process: Achieving and maintaining competitive advantage
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organizational planning and control
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Management of technology and innovation
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2.United Nations Commission for Europe, editor. Promoting innovation in the service sector: overview of experiences and guidelines. New York: United Nations; 2011
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5.Ries, E (2011).The Lean Startup: How Today's Entrepreneurs Use Continuous Innovation to Create Radically Successful Companies(New York, NY: Kroonzaken).
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